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Nonconvulsive status epilepticus disguising as hepatic encephalopathy

Yong Min Jo  Sung Wook Lee  Sang Young Han  Yang Hyun Baek  Ji Hye Ahn  Won Jong Choi  Ji Young Lee  Sang Ho Kim  Byeol A Yoon  
【摘要】:Nonconvulsive status epilepticus has become an important issue in modern neurology and epileptology.This is based on difficulty in definitively elucidating thecondition and its various clinical phenomena and on our inadequate insight into the intrinsic pathophysiological processes.Despite nonconvulsive status epilepticus being a situation that requires immediate treatment,this disorder may not be appreciated as the cause of mental status impairment.Although the pathophysiology of nonconvulsive status epilepticus remains unknown,this disorder is thought to lead to neuronal damage,so its identification and treatment are important.Nonconvulsive status epilepticus should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with liver cirrhosis presenting an altered mental status.We report a case of a 52-year-old male with liver cirrhosis presenting an altered mental status.He was initially diagnosed with hepatic encephalopathy but ultimately diagnosed with nonconvulsive status epilepticus by electroencephalogram.

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