【摘要】：SiO_2 nanoparticles were used to regulate the crystallizing process of lead halide perovskite films prepared by the sequential deposition method, which was used in the low-temperature-processed, carbon-electrode-basing, hole-conductorfree planar perovskite solar cells. It was observed that, after adding small amount of SiO_2 precursor(1 vol%) into the lead iodide solution, performance parameters of open-circuit voltage, short-circuit current and fill factor were all upgraded,which helped to increase the power conversion efficiency(reverse scan) from 11.44(±1.83)%(optimized at 12.42%) to14.01(±2.14)%(optimized at 15.28%, AM 1.5 G, 100 m W/cm~2). Transient photocurrent decay curve measurements showed that, after the incorporation of SiO_2 nanoparticles, charge extraction was accelerated, while transient photovoltage decay and dark current curve tests both showed that recombination was retarded. The improvement is due to the improved crystallinity of the perovskite film. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy studies observed that, with incorporation of amorphous SiO_2 nanoparticles, smaller crystallites were obtained in lead iodide films, while larger crystallites were achieved in the final perovskite film. This study implies that amorphous SiO_2 nanoparticles could regulate the coarsening process of the perovskite film, which provides an effective method in obtaining high quality perovskite film.