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Electronic and structural properties of N-vacancy in AlN nanowires:A first-principles study

乔志娟  陈光德  耶红刚  伍叶龙  牛海波  竹有章  
【摘要】:The stability and electronic structures of AlN nanowires with and without N-vacancy are investigated using firstprinciples calculations.We find that there is an inverse correlation between formation energy and diameter in ideal AlN nanowires.After calculating the formation energies of N-vacancy at different sites in AlN nanowires with different diameters,we find that the N-vacancy prefers to stay at the surface of the nanowires and it is easier to fabricate them under Al-rich conditions.Through studying the electronic properties of AlN nanowires with N-vacancies,we further find that there are two isolated bands in the deep part of the band gap,one of them is fully occupied and the other is half occupied.The charge density indicates that the half-fully occupied band arises from the Al at the surface,and this atom becomes an active centre.

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