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Improved performance of Li-Se battery based on a novel dual functional CNTs@graphene/CNTs cathode construction

Jing Li  Chen Zhang  Cheng-Jun Wu  Ying Tao  Lei Zhang  Quan-Hong Yang  
【摘要】:A dual functional CNTs@graphene/CNTs cathode for Li–Se battery was constructed by a CNTs@graphene network and a CNTs interlayer. CNTs were first integrated with graphene to form a three-dimensional(3D) framework and work together as a conductive matrix for Se confinement. The optimized composite cathode delivers a high initial capacity of 575 mAh·g~(-1) at 0.5 A·g~(-1) and good rate capacity with a retained capacity of 479 mAh·g~(-1) at 2.0 A·g~(-1)(73% of the capacity at 0.2 A·g~(-1)). CNTs were further served as an interlayer to confine the diffusion of polyselenides by constructing a thin CNTs layer outside the CNTs@graphene network. An improved initial capacity of 616 mAh·g~(-1) at 0.5 A·g~(-1) is achieved with a retained capacity of 538 mAh·g~(-1) after 80 cycles, indicating the effective dual function of CNTs in this novel cathode construction and great application potential for Li–Se battery.

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