【摘要】：AIM To evaluate the efficacy of main portal vein stents combined with iodine-125(~(125)Ⅰ) to treat main portal vein tumor thrombus.METHODS From January 1, 2010 to January 1, 2015, 111 patients were diagnosed with liver cancer combined with main portal vein tumor thrombus. They were non-randomly assigned to undergo treatment with transarterial chemoembolization(TACE)/transarterial embolization(TAE) + portal vein stents combined with ~(125)Ⅰ implantation(Group A) and TACE/TAE + portal vein stents only(Group B). After the operation, scheduled follow-up was performed at 6, 12 and 24 mo. The recorded information included clinical manifestations, survival rate, and stent restenosis rate. Kaplan–Meier curves, log-rank test and Cox regression were used for data analyses. RESULTS From January 1, 2010 to January 1, 2015, 54 and 57 patients were allocated to Groups A and B, respectively. The survival rates at 6, 12 and 24 mo were 85.2%, 42.6% and 22.2% in Group A and 50.9%, 10.5% and 0% in Group B. The differences were significant [log rank P 0.05, hazard ratio(HR): 0.37, 95%CI: 0.24-0.56]. The rates of stent restenosis were 18.5%, 55.6% and 83.3% in Group A and 43.9%, 82.5% and 96.5% in Group B. The differences were significant(log rank P 0.05, HR: 0.42, 95%CI: 0.27-0.63). Cox regression identified that treatment was the only factor affecting survival rate in this study.CONCLUSION Main portal vein stents combined with ~(125)Ⅰ can significantly improve survival rate and reduce the rate of stent restenosis.