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Improvements in tropical cyclone forecasting through ensemble prediction system at NCMRWF in India

Anumeha Dube  Raghavendra Ashrit  Sushant Kumar  Ashu Mamgain  
【摘要】:This paper deals with the comparison of cyclone forecasts from the two versions of the operational global ensemble prediction system(EPS)at the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting(NEPS).The previous version had a horizontal resolution of 33 km with 44 ensemble members(NEPS) whereas the updated version of this EPS has a resolution of 12 km with 11 members(NEPS-UP).The ensemble mean forecasts from both the models are compared using the direct position(DPE),along(ATE) and cross track(CTE) errors.For the verification of strike probability,Brier Score(BS),Brier Skill Score(BSS),Reliability Diagram,Relative Operating Characteristic(ROC) Curve and Root Mean Square Error(RMSE) in mean Vs Spread in members are used.For verification of intensity,RMSE in maximum wind speed from the ensemble mean forecasts are compared.Comparison of ensemble mean tracks from both models showed lower errors in NEPS-UP for all forecast lead times.The decrease in the DPE,ATE and CTE in NEPS-UP was around 38%,48% and 15% respectively.NEPS-UP showed lower BS and higher BSS values indicating a better match between observed frequencies and forecast probabilities as well as higher prediction skills.The reliability diagram showed higher accuracy for NEPS-UP as compared to NEPS.The ROC curves showed that for forecasts with higher probabilities the hit rate was high in NEPSUP.There was a greater consensus between the RMSE and Spread for NEPS-UP at all lead times.It was also seen that the RMSE in mean showed a 41% decrease from NEPS to NEPS-UP.On comparing maximum wind,it was found that for all lead times the RMSE in maximum wind speed for NEPS-UP was lower than NEPS.

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