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Hydrodynamic description of D meson production in high-energy heavy-ion collisions

丁驰  柯伟尧  庞龙刚  王新年  
【摘要】:The large values and constituent-quark-number scaling of the elliptic flow of low-p_T D mesons imply that charm quarks,initially produced through hard processes,might be partially thermalized through strong interactions with quark-gluon plasma(QGP) in high-energy heavy-ion collisions.To quantify the degree of thermalization of low-p_T charm quarks,we compare the D~0 meson spectra and elliptic flow from a hydrodynamic model to experimental data as well as transport model simulations.We use an effective charm chemical potential at the freeze-out temperature to account for the initial charm quark production from hard processes and assume that they are thermalized in the local comoving frame of the medium before freeze-out.D~0 mesons are sampled statistically from the freeze-out hyper-surface of the expanding QGP as described by the event-by-event(3+1)D viscous hydrodynamic model CL Visc.Both the hydrodynamic and transport models can describe the elliptic flow of D~0 mesons at p_T 3 GeV/c as measured in Au+Au collisions at (s_(NN))~(1/2)=200 GeV.Though the experimental data on D~0 spectra are consistent with the hydrodynamic result at small p_T~1 GeV/c,they deviate from the hydrodynamic model at high transverse momentum,p_T 2 GeV/c.The diffusion and parton energy loss mechanisms in the transport model can describe the measured spectra reasonably well within the theoretical uncertainty.Our comparative study indicates that charm quarks only approach local thermal equilibrium at small p_T,even though they acquire sizable elliptic flow comparable to light-quark hadrons at both small and intermediate p_T.

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