【摘要】：Laser-based light detection and ranging(lidar) plays a significant role in both scientific and industrial areas.However, it is difficult for existing lidars to achieve high speed, high precision, and long distance simultaneously.Here, we demonstrate a high-performance lidar based on a chip-scaled soliton microcomb(SMC) that can realize all three specialties simultaneously. Aided by the excellent properties of ultrahigh repetition rate and the smooth envelope of the SMC, traditional optical frequency comb(OFC)-based dispersive interferometry is heavily improved and the measuring dead zone induced by the mismatch between the repetition rate of the OFC and resolution of the optical spectrum analyzer is totally eliminated. Combined with an auxiliary dual-frequency phase-modulated laser range finder, the none-dead-zone measurable range ambiguity is extended up to 1500 m.The proposed SMC lidar is experimentally implemented in both indoor and outdoor environment. In the outdoor baseline field, real-time, high-speed(up to 35 k Hz) measurement of a long distance of ～1179 m is achieved with a minimum Allan deviation of 5.6 μm at an average time of 0.2 ms(27 nm at an average time of 1.8 s after high-pass filtering). The present SMC lidar approaches a compact, fast, high-precision, and none-dead zone long-distance ranging system, aimed at emerging applications of frontier basic scientific research and advances in industrial manufacturing.