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Channel morphologic processes of a highly sinuous bend approaching neck cutoff by bank erosion in the middle Yangtze River

Zhiwei Li  Hanyuan Yang  Junqiang Xia  Meirong Zhou  Shanshan Deng  Yingzhen Wang  
【摘要】:The distal reach of the Lower Jingjiang River(LJR) in the middle of the Yangtze River consists of five adjacent bends, among which the Qigongling Bend is a U-shaped meander with a mean sinuosity of 2.2 and the narrowest neck 525 m in width. This bend is slowly approaching neck cutoff owing to progressive bank erosion. An abnormal phenomenon has occurred in this bend since the Three Gorges Reservoir(TGR) began to operate in 2003 which is erosion in the inner bank zone and deposition in the outer bank zone. This problem has not been fully understood because of the interplay of changes in water-sediment, bank erosion, and artificial bank revetment. In this study, aerial and remote sensing images, hydrological data, channel topography, and an existing bank erosion model are used to reveal channel morphodynamics of this bend and the trend of the potential neck cutoff induced by bank erosion. The study results show that the clear water released from the TGR has provided by forcefully eroded the point bar of inner bank but failed to scour the outer bank due to the protection of bank revetment since the 1990 s. Thus far, the outer bank zone near the bend apex has increasingly widened in conjunction with the formation of 2 emerging sand bars. Consequently, the thalweg of the main channel has laterally shifted toward the inner bank by roughly 800 m. More severely, the rate of bank retreat on the upstream side of the bend neck was about 4.5 m/yr in 2010-2019, but the downstream side of this neck was experienced slight deposition. Bank erosion could be accelerated by progressively increasing erosion and eventually trigger the occurrence of neck cutoff in the next few decades, thereby significantly altering the quasi-equilibrium regime of channel morphodynamics in the LJR.

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