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Modulation of graft vascular inflow guided by flowmetry and manometry in liver transplantation

See Ching Chan  Chung Mau Lo  Kenneth SH Chok  William W Sharr  Tan To Cheung  Simon HY Tsang  Albert CY Chan  Sheung Tat Fan  
【摘要】:BACKGROUND:Survival of the partial graft after living donor liver transplantation owes much to its tremendous regenerative ability.With excellent venous outflow capacity,a graft within a wide range of graft-to-standard-liver-volume ratios can cope with portal hypertension that is common in liver transplant recipients.However,when the ratio range is exceeded,modulation of graft vascular inflow becomes necessary for graft survival.The interplay between graft-to-standard-liver-volume ratio and portal pressure,in the presence of portosystemic shunt or otherwise,requires individualized modulation of graft portal and arterial inflows.Boosting of portal inflow by shunt ligation can be guided by transonic flowmetry,whereas muting of portal inflow by splenic artery ligation can be monitored by portal electronic manometry.METHOD:We describe four cases to illustrate the above.RESULTS:One patient had hepatic artery thrombosis resulting from splenic artery steal syndrome which was the sequela of small-for-size syndrome.Emergency splenic artery ligation and re-anastomosis of the hepatic artery successfully muted the portal inflow and boosted the hepatic arterial inflow.Another patient with portal vein thrombosis underwent thrombendvenectomy.Portal inflow was boosted with ligation of portosystemic shunt,which is often present in these patients with portal hypertension.The coexistence of splenic aneurysm and splenorenal shunt required ligation of both in the third patient.The fourth patient,with portal pressure and flow monitoring,avoided ligation of a coronary vein which became a main portal inflow after portal thrombendvenectomy.CONCLUSION:Management of graft inflow modulation guided selectively by transonic flowmetry or portal manometry was described.

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