【摘要】：This work uses a block copolymer architecture [(A'B)_n A_2]_m to unify the scattering function and spinodal transition of typical AB-type block copolymers. The key roles of block number, junction points and asymmetry ratios of block length are(1) to determine the form factor of each block copolymer at the molecular scale;(2) to affect the entropy loss across the spinodal transition and may result in deflection of spinodal curves. The common features are validated in typical linear and nonlinear block copolymers, including AB diblock, asymmetric A'BA triblock,miktoarm stars of AB_n, A_n B_n,(AB)_n,(A'B)_n A, A'BA_m, and multi-graft combs of(B_n A_2)m and [(A'B)_n A_2]_m. The explicit scattering functions and form factors of various block copolymers can be directly applied in radiation experiments(i.e. neutron or X-ray scattering) to unravel the effect of molecular architecture in solution and microphase separation in disordered melt. The molecular model used in this study is also helpful to guide the chemical synthesis to explore more potentially interesting block copolymers.