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A Case Study of the Initiation of Parallel Convective Lines Back-Building from the South Side of a Mei-yu Front over Complex Terrain

Qiwei WANG  Yi ZHANG  Kefeng ZHU  Zhemin TAN  Ming XUE  
【摘要】:Parallel back-building convective lines are often observed extending to the southwest of some mesoscale convective systems(MCSs) embedded in the mei-yu front in China. The convective lines with echo training behavior can quickly develop into a stronger convective group of echoes, resulting in locally heavy rainfall within the mei-yu front rainband. The initiation mechanism of the back-building convective lines is still unclear and is studied based on high-resolution numerical simulation of a case that occurred during 27-28 June 2013. In the present case, the new convection along the convective lines was found to be forced by nonuniform interaction between the cold outflow associated with the mei-yu front MCSs and the warm southerly airflow on the south side of the mei-yu front, which both are modified by local terrain. The mei-yu front MCSs evolved from the western to the eastern side of a basin surrounded by several mesoscale mountains and induced cold outflow centered over the eastern part of the basin. The strong southwest airflow ahead of the mei-yu front passed the Nanling Mountains and impacted the cold outflow within the basin. The nonuniform interaction led to the first stage of parallel convective line formation, in which the low mountains along the boundary of the two airflows enhanced the heterogeneity of their interaction. Subsequently, the convective group quickly developed from the first stage convective lines resulted in apparent precipitation cooling that enhanced the cold outflow and made the cold outflow a sharp southward windshift. The enhanced cold outflow pushed the warm southerly airflow southward and impacted the mountains on the southeast side of the basin, where the roughly parallel mountain valleys or gaps play a controlling role in a second stage formation of parallel convective lines.

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