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In-situ TEM observation of the evolution of helium bubbles & dislocation loops and their interaction in Pd during He~+ irradiation

Qing Han  Yipeng Li  Guang Ran  Xinyi Liu  Lu Wu  Yang Chen  Piheng Chen  Xiaoqiu Ye  Yifan Ding  Xiaoyong Wu  
【摘要】:The microstructural evolution of purity Pd under 30 keV He+irradiation at 573 K was investigated by in-situ transmission electron microscopy. The nucleation, growth, merging, annihilation, size change,number density variation, and types of dislocation loops were analyzed under the influence of irradiation fluence and sample thickness. Both perfect dislocation loops with b = 1/2 110 and faulted dislocation loops with b = 1/3 111 were formed. However, at low irradiation fluence, most of the loops were 1/3 111 loops. The thickness of TEM foil obviously affected the ratio of 1/3 111 loop variants, the size and number density of dislocation loops, and the characteristics of bubble-loop complexes. With the increase of irradiation fluence, the size of dislocation loops increased, but loop volume number density remained almost constant until dislocation loops merged and evolved into dislocation network. There was an obvious interaction between dislocation loops and bubbles, indicating that 1/3 111 loop was first formed at the initial stage of irradiation, and when the loop grew to a certain size, obvious helium bubbles appeared inside its region.

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