【摘要】：Tea plants grow in acidic soil, but to date, their intrinsic mechanisms of acidic stress tolerance have not been elucidated. Here, we assessed the tea plant response to growth on NHt4 nutrient media having different p H and iron levels. When grown in standard NHt4 nutrient solution(iron insufficient, 0.35 mg Là1 Fe2t), tea roots exhibited significantly lower nitrogen accumulation, plasma membrane Ht-ATPase activity, and protein levels; net Htefflux was lower at pH 4.0 and 5.0 than at pH 6.0. Addition of30 mg Là1 Fe2t(iron sufficient, mimicking normal soil Fe2tconcentrations) to the NHt4 nutrient solution led to more efficient iron plaque formation on roots and increased root plasma membrane Ht-ATPase levels and activities at p H 4.0 eland 5.0, compared to the p H 6.0 condition. Furthermore,plants grown at pH 4.0 and 5.0, with sufficient iron,exhibited significantly higher nitrogen accumulation than those grown at pH 6.0. Together, these results support the hypothesis that efficient iron plaque formation, on tea roots, is important for acidic stress tolerance. Furthermore,our findings establish that efficient iron plaque formation is linked to increased levels and activities of the tea root plasma membrane Ht-ATPase, under low pH conditions.