【摘要】：Natural gas hydrate(NGH) is a highly efficient and clean energy, with huge reserves and widespread distribution in permafrost and marine areas. Researches all over the world are committed to developing an effective exploring technology for NGH reservoirs. In this paper, four conventional in-situ hydrate production methods, such as depressurization, thermal stimulation, inhibitor injection and CO_2 replacement, are briefly introduced. Due to the limitations of each method, there has been no significantly breakthrough in hydrate exploring technology.Inspired by the development of unconventional oil and gas fields, researchers have put forward some new hydrate production methods. We summarize the enhanced hydrate exploiting methods, such as CO_2/N_2–CH_4 replacement, CO_2/H_2–CH_4 replacement, hydraulic fracturing treatment, and solid exploration; and potential hydrate mining techniques, such as self-generating heat fluid injection, geothermal stimulation, the well pattern optimization of hydrate exploring. The importance of reservoir stimulation technology for hydrate exploitation is emphasized, and it is believed that hydrate reservoir modification technology is a key to open hydrate resources exploitation, and the major challenges in the process of hydrate exploitation are pointed out. The combination of multiple hydrate exploring technologies and their complementary advantages will be the development trend in the future so as to promote the process of hydrate industrialization.