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Silicon saturation coefficient changes in hydrogarnets during the Bayer process with lime addition

Guozhi Lü  Ting'an Zhang  Xiaofeng Zhu  Chaozhen Zheng  Yanxiu Wang  Weiguang Zhang  Zimu Zhang  
【摘要】:The relationship between the silicon saturation coefficient of hydrogarnets and Bayer reaction parameters was studied. The peak position, crystal plane spacing, and cell edge length of typical hydrogarnet patterns were calculated to find the key factors influencing the relationship. The results showed that the crystal face(420) is the optimal garnet growth direction during hydration and crystal growth along the faces(521) and(611) were not affected significantly by the varying experimental conditions. The reaction temperature significantly influenced the silicon saturation coefficient of hydrogarnets. The silicon saturation coefficient of hydrogarnets increased from 0.2 to about 1.0 in the temperature range of 30–270 °C and a rapid expansion process was observed in the temperature range of 120–150 °C. Moreover, the reaction time, alumina concentration, and C/S were shown to be less important factors. Averaging the results obtained by the 3 methods was shown suitable for calculating the SiO_2 saturation coefficient of hydrogarnets. The calculated results of the Al_2O_3 and SiO_2 contents matched the actual ones. However, the actual SiO_2 content was about10 % less than the calculated one for SiO_2 saturation coefficients higher than 1.

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