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《Journal of Ocean University of China》 2019年04期
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Internal Tide Generation and Dissipation by Small Periodic Topography in Deep Ocean

LI Qiang  MAO Xianzhong  DENG Guotong  ZHAO Ruixiang  ZHANG Chuanzheng  ZHU Xiaohua  
【摘要】:Internal tides generated by a rough sea floor are an important source of mixing in the abyssal ocean. Two linear models are employed to evaluate the conversion rate from barotropic tides to internal tides and the energy distribution in each mode. Considering the periodicity of internal tides, the topography is represented by periodically distributed knife edges and sinusoidal ridges within one wavelength of mode-1 internal tides. The knife edges generate greater internal tides than the sinusoidal ridges due to their sharp shape, which approximates an extremely supercritical condition. Energy flux concentrates in modes whose numbers are multiples of the knife edge or ridge number. Then, a fully nonlinear model that integrates viscosity and diffusion is implemented, and its results are compared with those of the linear model. Internal wave rays generated in the nonlinear model show a distribution similar to the linear models' prediction. High dissipation rates coincide with the rays, suggesting that nonlinear wave-wave interaction is a dominant mechanism for internal tide dissipation in the abyssal ocean.

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