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Characterization and Expression Analysis of a Complement Component Gene in Sea Cucumber(Apostichopus japonicus)

CHEN Zhong  ZHOU Zunchun  YANG Aifu  DONG Ying  GUAN Xiaoyan  JIANG Bei  WANG Bai  
【摘要】:The complement system plays a crucial role in the innate immune system of animals. It can be activated by distinct yet overlapping classical, alternative and lectin pathways. In the alternative pathway, complement factor B(Bf) serves as the catalytic subunit of complement component 3(C3) convertase, which plays the central role among three activation pathways. In this study, the Bf gene in sea cucumber(Apostichopus japonicus), termed Aj Bf, was obtained by rapid amplification of c DNA ends(RACE). The full-length c DNA of Aj Bf was 3231 bp in length barring the poly(A) tail. It contained an open reading frame(ORF) of 2742 bp encoding 913 amino acids, a 105 bp 5'-UTR(5'-terminal untranslated region) and a 384 bp 3'-UTR. Aj Bf was a mosaic protein with six CCP(complement control protein) domains, a VWA(von Willebrand factor A) domain, and a serine protease domain. The deduced molecular weight of Aj Bf protein was 101 k Da. Quantitative real time PCR(q RT-PCR) analysis indicated that the expression level of Aj Bf in A. japonicus was obviously higher at larval stage than that at embryonic stage. Expression detection in different tissues showed that Aj Bf expressed higher in coelomocytes than in other four tissues. In addation, Aj Bf expression in different tissues was induced significantly after LPS or Poly I:C challenge. These results indicated that Aj Bf plays an important role in immune responses to pathogen infection.

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