【摘要】：[Objectives] To study the typical HPLC chromatogram of petroleum ether in Abutilon indicum(L.) Sweet from different habitats, in order to provide experimental basis for the quality control of A. indicum and the spectrum-efficacy relationship of petroleum ether. [Methods] The HPLC chromatogram of petroleum ether was obtained using Agilent SB-C_(18)(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) and acetine-0.1% phosphoric acid solution for gradient elution at temperature of 30 ℃, flow rate of 1.0 mL/min and detection wavelength of 205 nm. [Results] The typical HPLC chromatogram of petroleum ether in A. indicum was preliminarily established, with 12 characteristic peaks. It was verified by A. indicum from different habitats, characterized by reproducibility and stability. [Conclusions] Typical HPLC chromatogram provides a stable new method for the quality control of petroleum ether in A. indicum. This study provides experimental basis for further study on the medicinal parts of A. indicum.