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《Photonics Research》 2019年09期
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Deep ultraviolet light-emitting diodes based on a well-ordered AlGaN nanorod array

LIANG ZHANG  YANAN GUO  JIANCHANG YAN  QINGQING WU  YI LU  ZHUOHUI WU  WEN GU  XUECHENG WEI  JUNXI WANG  JINMIN LI  
【摘要】:The nanorod structure is an alternative scheme to develop high-efficiency deep ultraviolet light-emitting diodes(DUV LEDs). In this paper, we first report the electrically injected 274-nm AlGaN nanorod array DUV LEDs fabricated by the nanosphere lithography and dry-etching technique. Nanorod DUV LED devices with good electrical properties are successfully realized. Compared to planar DUV LEDs, nanorod DUV LEDs present2.5 times improvement in light output power and external quantum efficiency. The internal quantum efficiency of nanorod LEDs increases by 1.2 times due to the transformation of carriers from the exciton to the free electron–hole, possibly driven by the interface state effect of the nanorod sidewall surface. In addition, the nanorod array significantly facilitates photons escaping from the interior of LEDs along the vertical direction, contributing to improved light extraction efficiency. A three-dimensional finite-different time-domain simulation is performed to analyze further in detail the TE-and TM-polarized photon extraction mechanisms of the nanostructure. Our results demonstrate the nanorod structure is a good candidate for high-efficiency DUV emitters.

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