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《Current Zoology》 2010年06期
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On the intraspecific variability in basal metabolism and the food habits hypothesis in birds

F. BOZINOVIC  P. SABAT  
【摘要】:正 The food habits hypothesis (FHH) stands as one of the most striking and often-cited interspecific patterns to emergefrom comparative studies of endothermic energetics. The FHH identifies three components of diet that potentially produce variabilityin mass-independent BMR, i.e. food quality, food availability, and food predictability or environmental productivity. Thehypothesis predicts that species with diets of low energy content and/or low digestibility should evolve low mass-independentBMRs. The effects of food habits on BMR have been widely investigated at the interspecific level, but the variation between individualsand populations has been largely ignored. Our focus is to compare predictions derived from interspecific studies withdata collected from within-species studies to explore the mechanisms and functional significance of adaptive responses predictedby the food-habits hypothesis among birds. We conclude that if BMR is correlated with daily energy expenditure, then organismsthat can lower BMR will reduce daily energy expenditure and hence, food requirements. Birds that lower BMR in stressful environmentsmay increase survival. Nevertheless, the mechanism (s) by which birds eating a low quality diet reduce BMR andwhether lower BMR affects fitness remain to be determined

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