Brainformatics:Concept,Scope and Challenge
【摘要】：Brain science is a well-recognized frontier science with extensive and profound contents. According to the spatial scales of the contents involved,multiple sub-disciplines have been setup,such as cellular neurobiology,molecular neurobiology,and there are also some sub-disciplines defined according to the main tools adopted,such as computational neuroscience,electroencephalography. This paper points out that the brain research driven by information science is forming a new discipline"brainformatics"a very vigor and vitality one,with"brain information acquisition","brain information decoding"and"brain information applications"as the main contents.This paper explains the concept,scope and challenge of brainformatics with some concrete examples.
Key 【基金】：National Natural Science Foundation of China;grant number:91232725 【分类号】：
Brain science covers problems of various spatial scales,from microscopic level(biomolecule,neuron),mesoscopic level(neural mass)and macroscopic system level(Fig.1(a)).Each scale works specifically and acts differently,and needs different re