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Estimation of components of energy balance on drifting ice over Arctic Ocean

卞林根  陆龙骅  高志球  程彦杰  逯昌贵  李诗明  
【摘要】:正 Estimation and simulation were carried out for the components of ice-surface energy balance and turbulent exchange parameters using the flux-profile method and the simple biosphere model version 2 (SiB2, hereinafter) respectively based on the measured results for the atmosphere in the near-ice-surface layer, which were observed by the First Arctic Scientific Expedition of China in August, 1999 at a joint ice-research station (75°02'N, 160°51'W) on the drifting ice of Arctic Ocean. Evidence suggests that during the melting period of drifting ice the sum of the ice-released sensible heat and effective melting-consumed heat is greater than the net ice-absorbed radiation on the surface, with the excess heat coming via heat conduction from the deep layers of the ice mass. The simulated net radiation is systematically 18% greater than the measured results, while the simulated sensible heat flux is systematically 3% lower than the measured ones; and the simulated ice-surface heat flux differs noticeably from

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