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Nanoforest-like CdS/TiO_2 heterostructure composites:Synthesis and photoelectrochemical application

苏适  马晋文  左万龙  汪俊  刘莉  冯爽  刘铁  付乌有  杨海滨  
【摘要】:In this study, TiO_2 nanoforest films consisting of nanotubes have been synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method and a subsequent sintering technique. The hydrothermal reaction time is important for the controlling of the nanotube diameter and the specific surface area of holistic TiO_2 films. When the hydrothermal process reaction time is up to 8 hours,the diameter of the nanotube is about 10 nm, and the specific surface area of TiO_2 nanoforest films reaches the maximum.CdS nanoparticles are synthesized on TiO_2 nanoforest films by the successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction(SILAR)technique. The transmission electron microscope(TEM) and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy(EDX) mapping results verify that TiO_2/CdS heterostructures are realized. A significant red-shift of the absorption edge from 380 nm to 540 nm can be observed after the pure TiO_2 film is sensitized by CdS nanoparticles. Under irradiation of light, the current density of the optimal TiO_2/CdS photoanode is 2.30 mA·cm-2 at 0 V relative to the saturated calomel electrode(SCE), which is 6 times stronger than that of the pure TiO_2 photoanode. This study suggests that the TiO_2 nanoforest consisting of interlinked pony-size nanotubes is a promising nanostructure for photoelectrochemical.

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