Rural Landscape Types and Recreational Value Spatial Analysis of Valley Area of Loess Plateau: A Case of Hulu Watershed,Gansu Province,China
【摘要】：Rural landscape is a complex of natural landscape and human landscape, with various values. The recreational value of rural landscape is a kind of comprehensive benefit with economic, social and ecological, which is provided by the rural landscape as a recreational resource. Loess Plateau is located at the junction of northern and northwestern of China, with serious water and soil erosion and fragile ecological environment. Jingning County is the national poor county, belonging to Liupanshan concentrated poverty areas. Hulu Watershed in Jingning is the typical valley area of Loess Plateau. In the past few decades, Jingning facing the fragile ecology and poverty, has been focusing on apple industry, forming unique rural landscape, exploring an ecological development path, and making much progress in green industrialization and urbanization. The author, according to the apple tree's growing stages, divided the rural landscape of Hulu Watershed into 15 types and analyzed its spatial patterns. The recreational value of Hulu Watershed was evaluated at 1.8 × 10~8–3.6 × 10~8 yuan(RMB) in 2014, by Travel Cost Method and Contingent Valuation Method. The territorial differentiational features of recreational value were that the higher value landscape types concentrated in the surrounding areas of towns and central villages, and the areas along the traffic and river had more development potentiality. The main influence factors were the construction of rural landscape and the development of recreation industry. And the development paths of different landscape types were also proposed. The research conclusions can provide reference for the landscape exploration and recreation industry development in the similar underdeveloped areas in the valley area of Loess Plateau with fragile ecology and poverty.
rural landscape recreational value Hulu Watershed Jingning County Loess Plateau 【基金】：Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41271556,41301637) 【分类号】：
Citation:Dong Suocheng,Cheng Hao,Li Yu,Li Fujia,Wang Zhe,Chen Feng,2017.Rural landscape types and recreational value spa-tial analysis of valley area of Loess Plateau:a case of Hulu Watershed,Gansu Province,China.Chinese Geographical Science,27(2):286–2