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Polymorphic Alu insertions and their associations with MHC class I alleles and haplotypes in Han and Jinuo populations in Yunnan Province,southwest of China

【摘要】:The associations of polymorphic Alu insertions (POALINs) with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I genes enable us to better identify origins and evolution of MHC class I region haplotypes in different populations. For further studying origins and evolution of MHC class I region haplotypes in Han and Jinuo populations in Yunnan Province, we investigated frequencies of five POALINs, their associations with HLA-A and -B, the three-loci POALINs haplotype frequencies and HLA/POALIN four-loci haplotype frequencies within the alpha block of MHC class I region. We found that a strong positive association between AluHG and HLA-A*02 is in Jinuo, but not in Yunnan Han. These results suggest that MHC class I region haplotypes of the two studied populations might derive from different progenitor haplotypes and MHC I-POALINs are informative genetic markers for investigating origins and evolution of MHC class I region haplotypes in different populations.

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