【摘要】：Hypertension causes significant morbidity and mortal-ity worldwide, owing to its deleterious effects on the cardiovascular and renal systems. Primary hyperaldo-steronism(PA) is the most common cause of revers-ible hypertension, affecting 5%-18% of adults with hypertension. PA is estimated to result from bilateral adrenal hyperplasia in two-thirds of patients, and from unilateral aldosterone-secreting adenoma in approxi-mately one-third. Suspected cases are initially screened by measurement of the plasma aldosterone-renin-ratio, and may be confirmed by additional noninvasive tests. Localization of aldostosterone hypersecretion is then determined by computed tomography imaging, and in selective cases with adrenal vein sampling. Solitary adenomas are managed by laparoscopic or robotic re-section, while bilateral hyperplasia is treated with min-eralocorticoid antagonists. Biochemical cure following adrenalectomy occurs in 99% of patients, and hemo-dynamic improvement is seen in over 90%, prompting a reduction in quantity of anti-hypertensive medica-tions in most patients. End-organ damage secondary to hypertension and excess aldosterone is significantly improved by both surgical and medical treatment, asmanifested by decreased left ventricular hypertrophy, arterial stiffness, and proteinuria, highlighting the im-portance of proper diagnosis and treatment of primary hyperaldosteronism. Although numerous independent predictors of resolution of hypertension after adrenalec-tomy for unilateral adenomas have been described, the Aldosteronoma Resolution Score is a validated multifac-torial model convenient for use in daily clinical practice.