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APPLICATION OF FUZZY CLUSTERING TECHNIQUE FOR ANALYSIS OF NORTH INDIAN OCEAN TROPICAL CYCLONE TRACKS

SANKAR NATH  S.D.KOTAL  P.K.KUNDU  
【摘要】:A fuzzy, c-means(FCM) clustering technique is explored to investigate the track of tropical cyclones over the North Indian Ocean(NIO) for the period(1976-2014). A total of fi ve clusters is objectively identifi ed based on partition index,partition coeffi cient, Dunn Index and separation index. The results obtained during analysis emphasized that each cluster has the unique features in terms of their genesis location, landfall, travel duration, trajectory, seasonality, accumulated cyclone energy and Intensity. Analysis of large scale environmental parameters, constructed preceding day of genesis show some of these parameters to be potential precursors to TC formation for almost all the clusters, most prominently, mid-tropospheric humidity, zonal wind,vorticity and outgoing long wave radiation of the main developing regions. The individual clusters have the several distinct features in their seasonal cycles.The cluster C5 shows distinct bimodal distributions where as other clusters are formed throughout the year. ENSO infl uenced the cyclone frequency in two of the fi ve clusters. The MJO is found to play an important role in the genesis of the cyclone. The post monsoon season cyclone frequency is more in MJO phase 2, 3 and 4. The technique(FCM) can be used as a guideline in terms of the probable affected zone of TC Tracks by the operational forecasters.

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1 叶卓佳,贾新媛;The Impact of Soil Moisture Availability upon the Partition of Net Radiation into Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes[J];Advances in Atmospheric Sciences;1991年03期
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