Analysis of an Unsuccessful Forecast for a Heavy Rainfall Event in Yingkou
【摘要】：[Objective] The reason for the unsuccessful forecast of a heavy rainfall event in Yingkou was analyzed. [Method] Based on the precipitation data observed by automatic weather stations and MICAPS data, a heavy rainfall Event was studied in Yingkou from 19 July to 21 July in 2010. Then the analysis of an unsuccessful forecasting for the heavy rainfall on 21 July was illustrated by CINRAD-SA data, satellite data and numerical forecast products. [Result] The main reason for the unsuccessful forecast was that the duration of the rainfall was long and inconsecutive. The distribution was uneven. Strong precipitation on 21st was different from the one in previous two durations. It was regional short term strong precipitation. And the forecast difficulty was large; the numerical forecast was unstable and erroneous;strong precipitation occurred in the night on 20th, which was shortly before the strong precipitation in the evening of 21st. This would easily confuse the reporter. Besides, the short term stillness of radar and cloud during this time would form certain disturbance. The focus of rainstorm forecast should based on the numerical forecast instead of element forecast;insisting on situation analysis and taking element judgment as auxiliary;as for strong precipitation forecast, there was large error in numerical forecast and can not be relied. Reporter should report the correct one based on experience. [Conclusion] The study provided reference for the forecast of rainstorm.