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Latest progress of soft rock mechanics and engineering in China

Manchao He  
【摘要】:The progress of soft rock mechanics and associated technology in China is basically accompanied by the development of mining engineering and the increasing disasters of large rock deformation during construction of underground engineering.In this regard,Chinese scholars proposed various concepts and classification methods for soft rocks in terms of engineering practices.The large deformation mechanism of engineering soft rocks is to be understood through numerous experiments;and thus a coupled support theory for soft rock roadways is established,followed by the development of a new support material,i.e.the constant resistance and large deformation bolt/anchor with negative Poisson’s ratio effect,and associated control technology.Field results show that large deformation problems related to numbers of engineering cases can be well addressed with this new technology,an effective way for similar soft rock deformation control.

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