【摘要】：The entrance-channel dynamics including capture, fusion, and quasifission processes for the reaction ~(40)Ca+~(208)Pb is investigated in the fully microscopic time-dependent Hartree-Fock(TDHF) theory. The calculations are performed in three-dimensional Cartesian coordinate without any symmetry restrictions, in which the full Skyrme energy functional SLy4d and SLy5 are adopted.We study the energy dependence of capture cross sections, and find that the experimental data are well reproduced by the TDHF calculations. Both fusion and quasifission events are observed in the reaction ~(40)Ca+~(208)Pb. The contact time, mass and charge of quasifission fragments show a wide distribution in SLy4d compared with SLy5, implying that more nucleons are transferred in the SLy4d calculations. We find that the total kinetic energy of quasifission fragments in the TDHF calculations is distributed around Viola systematics, indicating that most of the relative kinetic energy is dissipated in quasifission dynamics.