Quantum secret sharing between multiparty and multiparty with four states
【摘要】：A protocol of quantum secret sharing between multiparty and multiparty with four states was presented. It was shown that this protocol can nullify the Trojan horse attack with a multi-photon signal, the fake-signal attack with Einstein-Podolsky- Rosen pairs, the attack with single photons, and the attack with invisible photons. In addition, the upper bounds of the average success probabilities were given for dishonest agent eavesdropping encryption using the fake-signal attack with any two-particle entangled states.
【基金】：Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 10671054) the Key Project of Science and Technology Research of Education Ministry of China (Grant No. 207011) the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province, China (Grant Nos. A2005000140 and 07M006)