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《Science in China(Series E:Technological Sciences)》 2009年03期
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A perturbation-incremental scheme for studying Hopf bifurcation in delayed differential systems

CHUNG Kwok Wai  
【摘要】:A new method, called perturbation-incremental scheme (PIS), is presented to investigate the periodic solution derived from Hopf bifurcation due to time delay in a system of first-order delayed differential equations. The method is summarized as three steps, namely linear analysis at critical value, perturba- tion and increment for continuation. The PIS can bypass and avoid the tedious calculation of the center manifold reduction (CMR) and normal form. Meanwhile, the PIS not only inherits the advantages of the method of multiple scales (MMS) but also overcomes the disadvantages of the incremental harmonic balance (IHB) method. Three delayed systems are used as illustrative examples to demonstrate the validity of the present method. The periodic solution derived from the delay-induced Hopf bifurcation is obtained in a closed form by the PIS procedure. The validity of the results is shown by their consis- tency with the numerical simulation. Furthermore, an approximate solution can be calculated in any required accuracy.

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