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《Journal of Environmental Sciences》 2018年01期
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Purification and molecular weight distribution of a key exopolysaccharide component of Bacillus megaterium TF10

Lingling Wang  Longfei Wang  Qingshan Shi  Hanqing Yu  
【摘要】:Extracellular polymeric substances(EPS) are organic metabolic compounds excreted by microorganisms. They largely impact microbial aggregate structures and functions.Extracellular polysaccharides(EP) in EPS are responsible for the formation of microbial aggregates. In this work, we successfully separated and characterized EP from EPS of the bacterium Bacillus megaterium TF10. Extraction of EP from EPS was optimized using Sevag's reagent. Chemical characteristics, functional groups, and molecular weight(MW) distribution of EP were compared with the harvested EPS and soluble microbial products(SMP). We found that the polymers of lower MW and free proteins were successfully removed by Sevag's reagent. The higher MW components of EPS were predominantly polysaccharides,while the polymers of lower MW tended to secrete to the supernatant and were described as SMP. A part of the proteins in the EP was polysaccharide-bonded. Our results can be further used in elucidating the complex flocculation mechanisms in which EP play a major role.

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