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Characterization of refuse landfill leachates of three different stages in landfill stabilization process

【摘要】:Landfill leachates with different ages(mature leachate,11 years;semi-mature leachate,5 years;fresh leachate,under operation) were collected from Laogang Refuse Landfill,Shanghai to characterize the colloid size distribution and variations of leachate.These leachates were separated using micro-filtration and ultra-filtration into specific size fractions,i.e.,suspended particles(SP)(1.2μm) ,coarse colloids(CC)(1.2-0.45μm) ,fine colloids(FC)(0.45μm,5 kDa/1 kDa molecular weight(MW) ) ,and dissolved organic matters(DM,5 kDa/1 kDa MW) .The specific colloids in each size fraction were quantified and characterized through chemical oxygen demands(COD) ,total solid(TS) ,pH,NH4+-N,total organic carbon(TOC) and fixed solid(FS) .It was found that COD,NH4+-N and TS in leachate decreased significantly over ages,while pH increased.The dissolved fractions(5 kDa/1 kDa) dominated(over 50%) in three leachates in terms of COD,and the organic matter content in dissolved fraction of leachates decreased and the inorganic matter increased as the disposal time extended,with the TOC/COD ratio 30%-7%.Dissolved fractions decreased from 82%to 40%in terms of TOC as the disposal time extended,suggested that the organic matter remained in leachate would form into middle molecular weight substances during the degradation process.

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