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《Chinese Journal of Population,Resources and Environment》 2009年03期
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CO_2 Emission Induced by Urban Household Consumption in China

【摘要】:Household consumption is one of the important factors that induce CO2 emission.Based on input-output model,this article calculated the intensity of CO2 emission of different income groups and seven provinces in China,and then estimated total CO2 emission induced by urban household consumption from 1995 to 2004 in China based on statistic data of household living expenditure.The results show that CO2 emission per capita induced by household consumption had increased from 1583 to 2498 kg CO2 during 1995-2004.The ratio of consumption-induced CO2 emission to total CO2 emission had risen from 19% to 30% in the past decade.Indirect CO2 emission accounted for an important part of the consumption-induced emission,the ratio of indirect emission to consumption-induced emission had risen from 69% to 79% during the same period.A significant difference in consumption-induced CO2 emission across different income groups and different regions has been observed.CO2 emission per capita of higher income groups and developed regions increased faster than that of lower income groups and developing regions.Changing lifestyle has driven significant increase in CO2 emission.Especially,increases in private transport expenditure(for example,vehicle expenditure) and house building expenditure are key driving factors of growth in consumption-induced CO2 emission.There are big differences in the amount of CO2 emission induced by change in lifestyle across different income groups and provinces.It can be expected that lower income households and developing regions will increase consumption to improve their livings with income growth in the future,which may induce much more CO2 emission.A reasonable level of CO2 emission is necessary to satisfy human needs and to improve living standard,but a noticeable fact is that CO2 emission per capita induced by household consumption in developed areas of China had reached a quite high level.Adjustment in lifestyle towards a low-carbon society is in urgent need.
【分类号】:X196

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