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《Animal Nutrition》 2015年04期
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Effects of dietary leucine supplementation on the gene expression of mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway and intestinal development of broilers

Yinlian Chang  Huiyi Cai  Guohua Liu  Wenhuan Chang  Aijuan Zheng  Shu Zhang  Ruibo Liao  Wei Liu  Yang Li  Jia Tian  
【摘要】:This experiment was to investigate the effects of dietary leucine supplementation on the gene expression of mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) signaling pathway and intestinal development of broilers. A total of 384 one-day-old broilers were randomly assigned into 4 treatments with 6 replicates(16 broilers per replicate). Broilers in these treatment groups were offered the following diets with 1.37,1.77,2.17 and2.57% of leucine. These diet treatments were named 1.37 TM, 1.77 TM, 2.17 TM, and 2.57 TM. The experiment lasted 21 days and all birds had free access to feed and water. Results indicated that there was no significant difference in body weight, average daily gain and average feed intake among all treatments(P 0.05). The broiler duodenal villus height in 2.57 TM was the lowest, but the highest occurred in1.37 TM on d 7 and 14(P 0.05). The villus height in the jejunum and ileum increased along with leucine level from 1.37 to 2.17%. The villus height of jejunum was significantly higher in 2.17 TM than in 1.37 TM on d 7 and 14, and the ratio of villus height to crypt depth(V:C) in the duodenum, jejunum and ileum increased significantly(P 0.05) on d 21. The gene expression level of mTOR in the duodenum decreased with increasing leucine level and was higher in 1.37 TM than in 2.57 TM on d 7 and 14(P 0.05). On d 14 and 21 of the trial, the expression of S6 K1 in the duodenum was higher in 1.37 TM than in 2.57 TM(P 0.05), and the expression of mTOR, S6 K1 in the jejunum and ileum increased with increasing leucine level form 1.37 to 2.17%, whereas a significant difference occurred between 1.37 TM and 2.17 TM(P 0.05).In conclusion, the addition of leucine fails to enhance the growth performance of broilers. However,leucine can improve intestinal development by enhancing villus height and V:C ratio in the jejunum and ileum. Moreover, the expression of mTOR, S6 K1 increased as the level of dietary leucine was elevated from 1.37 to 2.17%.
【作者单位】The
【基金】:supported by China Agriculture Research System(CARS-42)
【分类号】:S831.5

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